Trading Carbon for Maldives(s)

18 02 2012

Maldives is one of the archipelago nations which is extremely threatened by the rise is sea level. Even a rise of 1 meter in sea level can cause many of its combining islets to extinct.  Rise in sea level is the most dangerous result of climate change, more precisely the  global warming. The green house effect which is one of the causes of global warming is the  emission of gases like, methane, water vapor, ozone, nitrous oxide carbon dioxide. If one is to follow this chain from Maldives to carbon dioxide, they have a very weak relation to each other. Furthermore, they act like two ends of a chain. Maldives emits just 920 tons of carbon dioxide which is less than 0.01 % of total emission every year.

So then why is Maldives so much vulnerable to the result of the act which it has merely done? Why is Maldives so much in danger of extinct as a result of climate change which is primarily caused to emission of carbon dioxide? Saying that Maldives will not be affected by global warming because it does not emit much CO2 as China and USA do is like saying lion will not eat a deer because deer don’t eat lion.

Global warming as it reads is rise in temperature of the earth. As the temperature rises the glaciers, icebergs and snow in the mountains start  to melt. This results to rise in water level in the sea and hence threatens island countries like Maldives and the Philippines.

Any problem brings solution with it. In this case too there might be some solutions. What are they? Since the whereabouts and effects of global warming were known experts have been trying to find the solution and to a point they have succeded too. As a measure to mitigate global warming, KYOTO Protocol has been signed by many countries, with USA among some exceptions. However the effects of the solutions and Kyoto protocol has been very less than expected, unwillingness of USA to sigh it being the contributor for the latter.

Carbon management is what most of the solutions trying to achieve as CO2 comprises the maximum portion on the green house gases. The most recent step toward carbon management is carbon trading. It is literally the trade of carbon in terms of money. Any country which reduces the carbon emission gets paid according to the reduction of  Co2. Recently some forest communities in Nepal earned some money from World Bank for reducing CO2 emission by taking different measures. As the trade pays $10 for every 1 ton of CO2, this can be beneficial to countries like Nepal which have poor economy. In addition, it reduces the carbon emission and can be helpful to control global warming. There are many countries like Nepal in the world which emit CO2 in least amount and can control it. So, for them carbon trading can act a gold egg laying hen. Similarly for countries like Maldives, it can lengthen their life be it even for few years. Who knows in these few years’ scientists and experts might come up with the best way to mitigate global warming and save islets from extinction?

Bibhu Bipsan

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